Stephen Figueroa, M.D., is an Associate Professor of Neurocritical Care in the UT Southwestern Department of Neurology and the Department of Neurological Surgery. He sees patients in the Neuro Intensive Care Unit at Zale Lipshy Pavilion – William P. Clements Jr. University Hospital and Parkland Memorial Hospital, where he is medical director of the ICU. 

After receiving a bachelor of science cum laude from Tulane University, he earned his M.D. at the St. Louis University School of Medicine. He then completed an internship in internal medicine, a residency in neurology, a chief residency in neurology, and a fellowship in neurocritical care, all at UT Southwestern. During his training, Dr. Figueroa received the TEVA Neuroscience Award, the UT Southwestern Department of Neurology Resident Teaching Award, the Hal D. Unwin Neurology Resident Award for Outstanding Clinical Performance, and the Roger Rosenberg Outstanding Fellow Award, among other honors.

Dr. Figueroa participates in numerous clinical trials designed to improve the care of patients with acute stroke and traumatic brain injury. His publications, abstracts, and presentations in the field have focused on topics including therapeutic hypothermia, CT imaging, critical care for acute ischemic stroke, carotid and vertebral artery injuries, intracerebral hemorrhage, and monitoring of brain tissue oxygenation and intracranial pressure for severe TBI. He is currently the principal investigator of the BOOST III trial at Parkland hospital which is investigating the use of brain oxygen monitoring to improve outcomes in patients with severe TBI.  He is a reviewer for peer-reviewed publications including Clinical Neuroscience Nursing, JAMA Neurology, American Journal of the Medical Sciences and he has been selected as a top reviewer for Neurocritical Care in 2019 and 2020. He also consults on head injuries with the National Football League, the Dallas Cowboys and NASCAR.

Committed to the mission of academic medicine, Dr. Figueroa devotes extensive time to training medical students in neuroscience topics, critical care nurses, and residents and fellows in neurocritical care. He is the current fellowship director for the Neurocritical Care Fellowship at UT Southwestern for the past several years.


Medical School
Saint Louis University School of Medicine (2007)
UT Southwestern Medical School (2008), Internal Medicine
UT Southwestern Medical School (2011), Neurology
UT Southwestern Medical School (2013), Neurocritical Care

Research Interest

  • Intracranial Monitoring & Brain Oxygenation
  • Medical Education & Simulation
  • Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Sports Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury


Featured Publications LegendFeatured Publications


Featured Books Legend Featured Books

Honors & Awards

  • Neurocritical Care Journal Top Reviewer
  • Neurocritical Care Journal Top Reviewer
  • Roger Rosenberg Outstanding Fellow Award
  • Hal D. Unwin Neurology Resident Award for Outstanding Clinical Performance

Professional Associations/Affiliations

  • American Academy of Neurology (2006-2014)
  • American Stroke Association (2013)
  • Neurocritical Care Society (2009-2014)
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine (2011-2014)
  • Texas Medical Society (2011-2014)