Dr. Salman Bhai is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Neurology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Director of the Neuromuscular Center at the Institute of Exercise and Environmental Medicine (IEEM) at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas. He earned his B.S. in mathematics at Duke University and his M.D. from Harvard Medical School, where he earned multiple research grants including the Bertarelli Fellowship and a Wilderness Medicine Society grant. He completed his internship, neurology residency, and neuromuscular fellowship at Harvard: internship at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and residency and fellowship in a joint program between Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

Dr. Bhai specializes in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of neuromuscular disorders. He specifically focuses on patients with inflammatory and metabolic myopathies as well as those with immune checkpoint inhibitor complications.

His research focuses on understanding how muscles communicate with other organ systems, particularly when muscle is inflamed, like in myositis. The goal of his research is to better understand, diagnose, and treat patients with myositis. This will be achieved through exercise and muscle physiology studies of myositis patients by analyzing biospecimens for molecular perturbations. He also works to offer clinical trials for myositis patients.

Clinical Trials: site PI on two metabolic myopathy trials sponsored by Reneo Pharmaceuticals

Research PI: muscle signaling in inflammatory conditions, physiological and immune perturbations in inflammatory myopathies

Research collaborations: immune molecular phenotyping in checkpoint inhibitor complications (David Gerber – UTSW lab), biomarkers of muscle damage (Ning Liu, Lin Xu – UTSW)

Dr. Bhai is dedicated to neurologic medical education. During his neurology residency, he worked to create a multi-modal curriculum for internal medicine residents and lead the implementation of the program. He also dedicated his time to teach parts of the curriculum. He continues to work with medical students, neurology residents, and neuromuscular fellows to further neurology education.

Dr. Bhai is dedicated to helping patients and their families understand and navigate difficult conditions by providing exceptional clinical care.


Medical School
Harvard Medical School (2015)
Brigham and Women's Hospital (2016), Internal Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital & Brigham and Women's Hospital (2019), Neurology
Massachusetts General Hospital & Brigham and Women's Hospital (2020), Neuromuscular Disease

Research Interest

  • Autoimmune neuromuscular diseases
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Exercise physiology
  • Healthcare disparities
  • Hereditary myopathies
  • Immune mediated necrotizing myopathy
  • Inclusion body myositis
  • Inflammatory myopathies
  • Metabolic myopathies
  • Mitochondrial myopathies
  • Myositis
  • Polymyositis
  • Sarcopenia


272nd ENMC international workshop: 10 Years of progress - revision of the ENMC 2013 diagnostic criteria for inclusion body myositis and clinical trial readiness. 16–18 June 2023, Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
Author Collaboration t2, Lilleker JB, Naddaf E, Saris CG, Schmidt J, de Visser M, Weihl CC, Alexandersson H, Alfano L, Allenbach Y, Badrising U, Benveniste O, Bhai S, De Bleecker J, Breeveld MC, Chinoy H, Diederichsen L, Dimachkie M, Greenberg S, Johari M, Lilleker J, Lindgren U, Lloyd T, Machado P, Mozaffar T, Mischke R, Needham M, Nishino I, Oldfors A, Saris C, Stenzel W, Tasca G, Weihl C Neuromuscular Disorders 2024 Apr 37 36-51
Exercise recommendations for patients with myositis: a narrative review of safety and efficacy
Varone N, Hinojosa J, Nandakumar D, Modi N, Bhashyam AR, Bhai SF Clinical and experimental rheumatology 2024 Feb 42 436-444
Toward an Understanding of GSD5 (McArdle disease): How Do Individuals Learn to Live with the Metabolic Defect in Daily Life
Karazi W, Coppers J, Maas D, Cup E, Bloemen B, Voet N, Groothuis JT, Pinós T, Marti Seves R, Quinlivan R, Løkken N, Vissing J, Bhai S, Wakelin A, Reason S, Voermans NC Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases 2024 Jan 11 103-116
Attenuated peripheral oxygen extraction and greater cardiac output in women with posttraumatic stress disorder during exercise
D’Souza AW, Yoo JK, Bhai S, Sarma S, Anderson EH, Levine BD, Fu Q Journal of applied physiology 2024 136 141-150
The personal financial burden associated with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
Hua C, Bhashyam AR, Lubinus M, Wilson L, Bhai S Neuromuscular Disorders 2023 Dec 33 945-950
Tendon Transfers to Improve Grip and Pinch in Patients with Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis
Hua C, Bhai S, Cheng J, Hinojosa J, Wilson L, Lubinus M, Bhashyam AR Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open 2023 Nov 11
Peripheral neuropathies after shoulder arthroscopy: a systematic review
Smith RD, Wright CL, Shaw B, Bhai S, Bhashyam AR, O'Donnell EA JSES Reviews, Reports, and Techniques 2023 Nov 3 454-460
Diagnosis and management of metabolic myopathies
Bhai SF, Vissing J Muscle and Nerve 2023 Sep 68 250-256
Development of Continuum of Care for McArdle disease: A practical tool for clinicians and patients
Reason SL, Voermans N, Lucia A, Vissing J, Quinlivan R, Bhai S, Wakelin A Neuromuscular Disorders 2023 Jul 33 575-579
Immune checkpoint inhibitor-related myositis: From pathophysiology to treatment
Sundarrajan C, Bhai S, Dimachkie MM Clinical and experimental rheumatology 2023 Feb 41 379-385

Professional Associations/Affiliations

  • Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine (2020)