Steven L. Small, Ph.D., M.D., Professor of Neurology, is Dean of the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, and the Aage and Margareta Møller Distinguished Professor at the University of Texas at Dallas. Dr. Small is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Irvine, where he was the Chair of the Department of Neurology from 2010-2017, and at The University of Chicago, where he founded the first high-field MRI research center in Chicago in 1999.
As a scientist, Dr. Small has been a pioneer in understanding the anatomy and physiology of the human brain and its relation to function by direct investigation of human subjects, particularly related to language comprehension and production, and with an emphasis on distributed brain networks. This work has encompassed the study of normal adults and children, adults with neurological disease (especially stroke), and children with developmental impairments.
Dr. Small's translational neurology research focuses on language recovery after stroke in both adults and children. Neurobiologically plausible models of human brain function are typically based on detailed animal models. For human speech and language, the cortical dorsal-ventral network architecture associated with the extended auditory system of nonhuman primates represents a strong model. A postero-dorsal network connects the auditory cortex to the posterior and dorsal part of inferior frontal cortex (IFC) (Brodmann area [BA] 44) via posterior superior temporal (pST) cortex, inferior parietal lobule (IPL), and premotor cortex (PMC), whereas an antero-ventral network traverses anterior superior temporal cortex (aST) to terminate in more anterior and ventral parts of the inferior frontal gyrus (BA 45). Recent findings suggest that language recovery from stroke depends on integration and segregation of these network communities that have been evolutionarily co-opted for language, and that focusing language therapy on these biological networks might have long term advantages. This work has elaborated network-level translational neurology of stroke recovery by way of investigation of imitation-based treatment of aphasia targeting the dorsal language network.
Dr. Small is the founder of both the Society for the Neurobiology of Language and the MIT Press open access journal, Neurobiology of Language.
As Dean of the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Dr. Small aims to continue its upward trajectory by expanding and broadening research and education in neuroscience, psychology, and speech and hearing sciences, building partnerships with other educational, industrial, and philanthropic institutions in Dallas, particularly the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, and advancing the stature of the premier Carnegie Tier 1 research institution in Dallas-Fort Worth, the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States.
- Language Disorders after Stroke (Aphasia)
- Neurobiology of Language
- Sports-Related Head Impacts
- Gesture's Neural Language.
- Andric M, Small SL, Front Psychol 2012 3 99
- Increased frequency of first-episode poststroke depression after discontinuation of escitalopram.
- Mikami K, Jorge RE, Moser DJ, Arndt S, Jang M, Solodkin A, Small SL, Fonzetti P, Hegel MT, Robinson RG, Stroke 2011 Nov 42 11 3281-3
- On the context-dependent nature of the contribution of the ventral premotor cortex to speech perception.
- Tremblay P, Small SL, Neuroimage 2011 Aug 57 4 1561-71
- The First Neurobiology of Language Conference: NLC 2009.
- Tremblay P, Small SL, Brain Lang 2011 Jun 117 3 101-2
- Dimensionality estimation for optimal detection of functional networks in BOLD fMRI data.
- Yourganov G, Chen X, Lukic AS, Grady CL, Small SL, Wernick MN, Strother SC, Neuroimage 2011 May 56 2 531-43
- From language comprehension to action understanding and back again.
- Tremblay P, Small SL, Cereb. Cortex 2011 May 21 5 1166-77
- Interpretation-mediated changes in neural activity during language comprehension.
- Cooper EA, Hasson U, Small SL, Neuroimage 2011 Apr 55 3 1314-23
- Motor response selection in overt sentence production: a functional MRI study.
- Tremblay P, Small SL, Front Psychol 2011 2 253
- Comparing classification methods for longitudinal fMRI studies.
- Schmah T, Yourganov G, Zemel RS, Hinton GE, Small SL, Strother SC, Neural Comput 2010 Nov 22 11 2729-62
- Non-fluent aphasia and neural reorganization after speech therapy: insights from human sleep electrophysiology and functional magnetic resonance imaging.
- Sarasso S, Santhanam P, Määtta S, Poryazova R, Ferrarelli F, Tononi G, Small SL, Arch Ital Biol 2010 Sep 148 3 271-8
Neurobiology of Language
Gregory Hickok and Steven L. Small (2015). Netherlands, Elsevier Science
Honors & Awards
- Aage and Margareta Møller Distinguished Professor
Endowed Chair, University of Texas at Dallas (2019)
- Founding Editor-in-Chief
Neurobiology of Language (MIT Press) (2019)
- Top Doctors
Orange County, California (2019)
- Distinguished Career Award
Society for the Neurobiology of Language (2018)
- Scientific Program Advisory Committee (SPAC)
American Neurological Association (2017-2020)
Association of University Professors of Neurology (AUPN) (2015-2021)
- Theodore von Kármán Fellow
RWTH Aachen University (Germany) (2014)
- Stanley van den Noort Professor
Endowed Chair, University of California, Irvine (2010-2019)
Brain and Language (Elsevier) (2005-2019)
- University of California, Irvine (2010-2017)
- Society for the Neurobiology of Language (2009)
- American Neurological Association (1999)
- University of Chicago (1999-2010)
- Society for Neuroscience (1991)
- American Academy of Neurology (1990)