Steven L. Small, Ph.D., M.D., Professor of Neurology, is Dean of the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, and the Aage and Margareta Møller Distinguished Professor at the University of Texas at Dallas. Dr. Small is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Irvine, where he was the Chair of the Department of Neurology from 2010-2017, and at The University of Chicago, where he founded the first high-field MRI research center in Chicago in 1999.
As a scientist, Dr. Small has been a pioneer in understanding the anatomy and physiology of the human brain and its relation to function by direct investigation of human subjects, particularly related to language comprehension and production, and with an emphasis on distributed brain networks. This work has encompassed the study of normal adults and children, adults with neurological disease (especially stroke), and children with developmental impairments.
Dr. Small's translational neurology research focuses on language recovery after stroke in both adults and children. Neurobiologically plausible models of human brain function are typically based on detailed animal models. For human speech and language, the cortical dorsal-ventral network architecture associated with the extended auditory system of nonhuman primates represents a strong model. A postero-dorsal network connects the auditory cortex to the posterior and dorsal part of inferior frontal cortex (IFC) (Brodmann area [BA] 44) via posterior superior temporal (pST) cortex, inferior parietal lobule (IPL), and premotor cortex (PMC), whereas an antero-ventral network traverses anterior superior temporal cortex (aST) to terminate in more anterior and ventral parts of the inferior frontal gyrus (BA 45). Recent findings suggest that language recovery from stroke depends on integration and segregation of these network communities that have been evolutionarily co-opted for language, and that focusing language therapy on these biological networks might have long term advantages. This work has elaborated network-level translational neurology of stroke recovery by way of investigation of imitation-based treatment of aphasia targeting the dorsal language network.
Dr. Small is the founder of both the Society for the Neurobiology of Language and the MIT Press open access journal, Neurobiology of Language.
As Dean of the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Dr. Small aims to continue its upward trajectory by expanding and broadening research and education in neuroscience, psychology, and speech and hearing sciences, building partnerships with other educational, industrial, and philanthropic institutions in Dallas, particularly the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, and advancing the stature of the premier Carnegie Tier 1 research institution in Dallas-Fort Worth, the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States.
- Language Disorders after Stroke (Aphasia)
- Neurobiology of Language
- Sports-Related Head Impacts
- Abstract coding of audiovisual speech: beyond sensory representation.
- Hasson U, Skipper JI, Nusbaum HC, Small SL, Neuron 2007 Dec 56 6 1116-26
- Hearing lips and seeing voices: how cortical areas supporting speech production mediate audiovisual speech perception.
- Skipper JI, van Wassenhove V, Nusbaum HC, Small SL, Cereb. Cortex 2007 Oct 17 10 2387-99
- A model of ocular dominance column development by competition for trophic factor: effects of excess trophic factor with monocular deprivation and effects of antagonist of trophic factor.
- Harris AE, Ermentrout GB, Small SL, J Comput Neurosci 2000 May-Jun 8 3 227-50
- Different neural circuits subserve reading before and after therapy for acquired dyslexia.
- Small SL, Flores DK, Noll DC, Brain Lang 1998 Apr 62 2 298-308
- Immunosuppression-induced leukoencephalopathy from tacrolimus (FK506)
- Small SL, Fukui MB, Bramblett GT, Eidelman BH, Ann. Neurol. 1996 Oct 40 4 575-80
- Distributed representations of semantic knowledge in the brain.
- Small SL, Hart J, Nguyen T, Gordon B, Brain 1995 Apr 118 ( Pt 2) 441-53
- What is a 'normal anatomic variant'? Transient left lateral medullary ischemia in a patient with a fenestrated left vertebral artery.
- Small SL, Fukui MB, Reinmuth OM, Neurology 1994 Jul 44 7 1358-9
- Patterns of head impact exposure in men's and women's collegiate club water polo.
- Cecchi NJ, Monroe DC, Phreaner JJ, Small SL, Hicks JW, J Sci Med Sport 2020 Mar
- A Dose Relationship Between Brain Functional Connectivity and Cumulative Head Impact Exposure in Collegiate Water Polo Players.
- Monroe DC, Cecchi NJ, Gerges P, Phreaner J, Hicks JW, Small SL, Front Neurol 2020 11 218
- Editorial for the special issue on language and epilepsy.
- Bonilha L, Small SS, Lin JJ, Brain Lang 2019 06 193 1-3
Neurobiology of Language
Gregory Hickok and Steven L. Small (2015). Netherlands, Elsevier Science
Honors & Awards
- Aage and Margareta Møller Distinguished Professor
Endowed Chair, University of Texas at Dallas (2019)
- Founding Editor-in-Chief
Neurobiology of Language (MIT Press) (2019)
- Top Doctors
Orange County, California (2019)
- Distinguished Career Award
Society for the Neurobiology of Language (2018)
- Scientific Program Advisory Committee (SPAC)
American Neurological Association (2017-2020)
Association of University Professors of Neurology (AUPN) (2015-2021)
- Theodore von Kármán Fellow
RWTH Aachen University (Germany) (2014)
- Stanley van den Noort Professor
Endowed Chair, University of California, Irvine (2010-2019)
Brain and Language (Elsevier) (2005-2019)
- University of California, Irvine (2010-2017)
- Society for the Neurobiology of Language (2009)
- American Neurological Association (1999)
- University of Chicago (1999-2010)
- Society for Neuroscience (1991)
- American Academy of Neurology (1990)