Dr. Dooley received her undergraduate degree from Texas A&M University. She earned her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Nebraska- Lincoln. Dr. Dooley completed her pre-doctoral internship at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. She then completed a two-year post-doctoral fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital/ Harvard Medical School. Dr. Dooley practiced in Richmond, Virginia before joining the faculty of UT Southwestern as part of the Department of Psychiatry in the Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities in 2019.

Dr. Dooley has conducted research that has been published in several psychological journals, and she has presented her work at national and international conferences. Dr. Dooley is a Licensed Psychologist in the state of Texas.