Patient care:  University Hospital St Paul - inpatient nephrology consultant.  Parkland Memorial Hospital - inpatient and outpatient transplant nephrology.  Special interests: acute renal failure, ICU nephrology, renal transplantation, renal disease in liver, lung, and heart transplants and patients with heart/ lung assist devices.

Teaching:  renal fellows, medical residents and students, and PhD candidates in Immunology. 

Research: see link to Christopher Lu Lab on upper-right of this page under "Contacts."


Medical School
Harvard Medical School (1974)
Bronx Municipal Hospital Center (1975), Internal Medicine
Bronx Municipal Hospital Center (1977), Internal Medicine
Harvard Medical School (1980), Pathology
Harvard Medical School (1981), Nephrology

Research Interest

  • acute kidney injury (acute renal failure)
  • transplant rejection


Featured Publications LegendFeatured Publications

Acute kidney injury: the beginning of the end of the dark ages.
Winterberg PD, Lu CY Am. J. Med. Sci. 2012 Oct 344 4 318-25
Acute kidney injury: a conspiracy of Toll-like receptor 4 on endothelia, leukocytes, and tubules.
Lu CY, Winterberg PD, Chen J, Hartono JR Pediatr. Nephrol. 2012 Oct 27 10 1847-54


Featured Books Legend Featured Books

Honors & Awards

  • Invited lecturer
    Symposium on Endothelium in Acute Kidney Injury, Annual Meeting of the American Society of Nephrology (2011)
  • invited lecturer
    US Food and Drug Agency (FDA) symposium on therapy of acute kidney injury (2011)
  • Fellow
    American Society of Nephrology (2010)
  • Permanent Member
    NIH Pathobiol Kidney Dis Initial Rev Grp 2006-2010 (2010)
  • President
    Texas Transplantation Society (2008)
  • Chairman
    Kidney/ Pancreas Committee, Am Soc Transplant Phys (1996)
  • NIH Research Career Devel Award
  • Phi Beta Kappa
  • Fellow, American Society of Nephrology

Professional Associations/Affiliations

  • American Association of Immunologists
  • American Society of Nephrology
  • American Society of Transplantation