Biography

The Ly Laboratory studies the causes and consequences of genomic instability in the context of cancer development. Cancer cells frequently harbor complex genomes that are characterized by extensive structural variation and DNA copy number alterations, which can disrupt critical tumor suppressor genes, amplify oncogenes, and/or drive the formation of gene fusions. Our team is currently interrogating the factors that shape the chaotic mutational landscape of cancer genomes, including the contributions from cell cycle regulation defects, chromosome segregation errors during cell division, and inaccurate DNA double-strand break repair pathways. We are particularly interested in the cellular and genetic basis of a diverse spectrum of chromosome abnormalities, including a class of complex and localized genomic rearrangements known as chromothripsis. These rearrangements arise from the catastrophic fragmentation of individual chromosomes encapsulated into aberrant nuclear structures called micronuclei followed by the reassembly of broken DNA fragments in random order. Chromothripsis exemplifies a rapid mutational process in which tens to hundreds of genetic lesions can be generated within a few cell cycles.

Our research program employs a number of cutting-edge approaches bridging cell biology and genetics, including CRISPR-mediated genome editing, high-resolution live-cell microscopy, molecular cytogenetics, and whole-genome DNA sequencing. We also strive to create a supportive, diverse, and inclusive laboratory environment aimed at offering exceptional training and career development opportunities for fellows and students.

Peter Ly received his B.A. in Biology from Baylor University and earned his Ph.D. in Cancer Biology from UT Southwestern Medical Center. During graduate training with Jerry Shay and Woodring Wright, he studied how numerical chromosomal alterations known as aneuploidy can trigger malignant transformation. He pursued postdoctoral training at the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and University of California San Diego with Don Cleveland. His postdoctoral research focused on reconstructing the mechanisms of complex structural genomic rearrangements using centromere inactivation and chromosome-specific mis-segregation approaches in human somatic cells. In 2019, Dr. Ly joined the faculty of UT Southwestern Medical Center as a CPRIT Scholar in Cancer Research and Assistant Professor in the Department of Pathology. He also holds a secondary appointment in the Department of Cell Biology and is a member of the Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center. He has been an active member of the American Society for Cell Biology since 2013.

 
Undergraduate
Baylor University (2008), Biology
 
Graduate School
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (2012), Cancer Biology
 
Postdoctoral Fellowship
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California San Diego (2019), Cell Biology

Research Interest

  • Cell cycle and cell division
  • Chromosome rearrangements
  • DNA damage response and repair
  • Genomic instability in cancer
  • Mechanisms of chromothripsis

Publications

Featured Publications LegendFeatured Publications

Restoration of DNA Repair Mitigates Genome Instability and Increases Productivity of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells.
Spahn PN, Zhang X, Hu Q, Lu H, Hamaker NK, Hefzi H, Li S, Kuo CC, Huang Y, Lee JC, Davis AJ, Ly P, Lee KH, Lewis NE, Biotechnol Bioeng 2021 Dec
A PoleP286R mouse model of endometrial cancer recapitulates high mutational burden and immunotherapy response.
Li HD, Lu C, Zhang H, Hu Q, Zhang J, Cuevas IC, Sahoo SS, Aguilar M, Maurais EG, Zhang S, Wang X, Akbay EA, Li GM, Li B, Koduru P, Ly P, Fu YX, Castrillon DH, JCI Insight 2020 Jul 5 14
Cellular and genomic approaches for exploring structural chromosomal rearrangements.
Hu Q, Maurais EG, Ly P, Chromosome Res. 2020 Jan
TRIP13 and APC15 drive mitotic exit by turnover of interphase- and unattached kinetochore-produced MCC.
Kim DH, Han JS, Ly P, Ye Q, McMahon MA, Myung K, Corbett KD, Cleveland DW Nat Commun 2018 Oct 9 1 4354

Honors & Awards

  • American Cancer Society - Institutional Research Grant Award
    (2022)
  • UT Southwestern Circle of Friends Research Award
    (2020)
  • Forbeck Scholar, William Guy Forbeck Research Foundation
    (2019)
  • CPRIT Scholar in Cancer Research, Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas
    (2018)
  • James Kerr Award for Research Excellence, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research
    (2017)
  • NIH/NCI Pathway to Independence Award (K99/R00)
    (2017)
  • Hope Funds for Cancer Research Fellow
    (2014)
  • NIH/NCI Cancer Cell Biology Postdoctoral Training Grant Award
    (2013)
  • CPRIT Predoctoral Training Grant Award, Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas
    (2010)
  • Jack G. and Norma Jean Folmar Research Scholarship, Baylor University
    (2007)
  • Rubin and Sarah Shaps Scholar, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
    (2007)

Professional Associations/Affiliations

  • Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center (2019)
  • American Society for Cell Biology (2013)