Patient care:  University Hospital St Paul - inpatient nephrology consultant.  Parkland Memorial Hospital - inpatient and outpatient transplant nephrology.  Special interests: acute renal failure, ICU nephrology, renal transplantation, renal disease in liver, lung, and heart transplants and patients with heart/ lung assist devices.

Teaching:  renal fellows, medical residents and students, and PhD candidates in Immunology. 

Research: see link to Christopher Lu Lab on upper-right of this page under "Contacts."


Undergraduate Haverford College (1970)
Medical School Harvard University (1974)

Specialty Areas

Clinical Interest

  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • General Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Research Interest

  • acute kidney injury (acute renal failure)
  • transplant rejection


Featured Publications LegendFeatured Publications

Acute kidney injury: the beginning of the end of the dark ages.

Winterberg PD, Lu CY Am. J. Med. Sci. 2012 Oct 344 4 318-25

Acute kidney injury: a conspiracy of Toll-like receptor 4 on endothelia, leukocytes, and tubules.

Lu CY, Winterberg PD, Chen J, Hartono JR Pediatr. Nephrol. 2012 Oct 27 10 1847-54


Featured Books Legend Featured Books

Honors & Awards

  • Invited lecturer
    Symposium on Endothelium in Acute Kidney Injury, Annual Meeting of the American Society of Nephrology (2011)
  • invited lecturer
    US Food and Drug Agency (FDA) symposium on therapy of acute kidney injury (2011)
  • Fellow
    American Society of Nephrology (2010)
  • Permanent Member
    NIH Pathobiol Kidney Dis Initial Rev Grp 2006-2010 (2010)
  • President
    Texas Transplantation Society (2008)
  • Chairman
    Kidney/ Pancreas Committee, Am Soc Transplant Phys (1996)
  • NIH Research Career Devel Award
  • Phi Beta Kappa
  • Fellow, American Society of Nephrology

Professional Associations/Affiliations

  • American Association of Immunologists
  • American Society of Nephrology
  • American Society of Transplantation